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Amazing Facts

Taj Mahal Truth Facts




The Taj Mahal is a mausoleum (a large tomb). It was
commissioned by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan for his favourite wife
Empress Mumtaz Mahal, who died in 1631. So great was the Shah
Jahan's love for his wife Mumtaz, that he ordered the building of
the most beautiful mausoleum on Earth for her, The Taj Mahal.


Empress Mumtaz Mahal


  1. The construction documents show that its master architect was
    Ustad 'Isa, the renowned Islamic architect of his time.
  2. The Taj stands on a raised, square platform (186 x 186 feet)
    with its four corners truncated, forming an unequal octagon. The
    architectural design uses the interlocking arabesque concept, in
    which each element stands on its own and perfectly integrates
    with the main structure.
  3. The tomb stands on its own marble base, which rests on a red
    sandstone platform. Four tall pillars, 138 ft each, rise up from
    the corners of the white marble base are topped with eight
    windowed cupolas. This has been made to replicate throne of God
    in paradise. Directly below the dome rests Mumtaz Mahal’s tomb,
    which is centrally lined with the main entrance. Besides Mumtaz
    Mahal’s tomb is the tomb of Shahjahan. The tomb of Shahjahan was
    not actually intended to be there but Aurangzeb placed it there,
    consequently breaking the symmetry.
  4. The Taj Mahal is generally considered the finest example
    of Mughal architecture, a style that combines elements of
    Persian, Turkish, Indian, and Islamic architectural styles.
  5. Construction of the tomb started in 1632, and was
    completed in 1648. It took 22 years to complete the tomb,
    and an extra 5 years for the garden, with the help of 20,000
    workers. Sculptors, masons, craftsmen, and calligraphers
    were called from Persia, Ottoman Empire and Europe to work
    on construction of the Taj.
  6. The Taj Mahal is built from precious white marbel with
    dedlicate masiac, with inlaid precious stones. Almost every
    surface of the entire building has been decorated, and every
    detail is symmetrical. The mosaic designs are based on three
    decorative elements- calligrapyh, abtract geonetric and
    vegetative motifs. The exterior decorations of the Taj Mahal
    are among the finest to be found in Mughal architecture of
    any period.
  7. Inside the dome

    Calligraphy:

    Mosaic:

  8. The Taj Mahal cost 32million rupees to build, which is
    roughly $1,000,000.
  9. The tomb initially called "Rauza". Later, after Mumtaz
    Mahal passed away, the mausoleum would be called the Taj
    Mahal, a derivative of the name Mumtaz Mahal.
  10. The architectural complex of the Taj Mahal comprises of
    five main elements: the Darwaza or main gateway, the
    Bageecha or garden, the Masjid or mosque, the Naqqar Khana
    or rest house, and the Rauza or the Taj Mahal mausoleum.
  11. The name Taj Mahal when translated means "Crown Palace" or
    "Crown of the Palace."
  12. The Taj Mahal is one of the eight wonders of the world.
  13. Taj Mahal Myths

    The Taj Mahal comes attached with many myths and legends;
    whilst many are strongly believed, others are laughed at.
    There is evidence to suggest that these rumours are based on
    truth, but nothing is set in stone.

  14. Many people believe, Shah Jehan had planned to build
    another Taj Mahal in black marble, which was to be his own
    tomb on the opposite bank of the River Yamuna and connect
    the two by a bridge. However, the construction never got
    started due to conflict with this son's, which took up most
    of his time.
  15. Shah Jehan deemed that no one else should ever copy the
    masterpice, so he had the master craftsmans hands cut off.

    Some European scholars held the view that the Taj was
    designed by an Italian - Geronimo Veroneo. This was first
    suggested by Father Manrique, an Augustinian Friar, who came
    to Agra in 1640 A.D. to secure the release of Father Antony
    who had been imprisoned by the Mughals.
  16. In the early years after the Taj Mahal was built, a long
    series of cracks in the underground vaults started to
    emerge. Those cracks were quickly seen to, and patched up.
    Cracking has been observed at different times since
    construction; testing in the early 19th Century showed the
    base of the mausoleum on the northern side of the structure
    is lower than on the south by 3.5 centimetres. There is some
    evidence the Taj Mahal is gradually sinking into the Yamuna
    River.


   
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