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Amazing Facts

Facts about Qutab minar




Qutab
Minar, the 239ft sandstone tower is an Indo-Islamic architectural
wonder of ancient India. This magnificent tower of victory
stands in the
Qutab Complex located at Aurabindo Marg, near Mehrauli, 14 Km
south of
Connaught place in Delhi.


The complex has a number of other important
monuments-
the gateway built in 1310, the Alai Darwaza, Quwwat-ul-Islam
Mosque; one
of the oldest existing mosques in India, the tombs of Altamish,
Alauddin
Khalji and Imam Zamin; the 2000 year old 7m high Iron Pillar-
the Alai
Minar; another tower 27m high, the Madrasa or School, great
screen of
Qutbuddin Aibak in the mosque etc.



King
Qutubuddin Aibak of Slave dynasty laid the foundation of the
Qutab Minar
in 1199, adjoining the Quwwat-ul-Islam mosque, to proclaim  the
victory
of Islam, after the defeat of the last Hindu kingdom in Delhi.
It was
the Afghan, Muhammad of Ghur who ousted the last Hindu king
Prithviraj
Chauhan in AD 1192, but he returned to his country leaving
Qutbuddin Aibak
as his viceroy. In 1206, on his masters death, Aibak crowned
himself as
the Sultan of Delhi.  


The word 'Qutab Minar' means 'axis minaret'.
The tower
which dominates the countryside for miles around has five
storeys, each
marked by a projecting balcony. The tower was built in three
stages.
Qutab-ud-Din completed the first storey. Second, third and the
fourth
were completed by his successor and son-in -law, Illtutmish in
1230. The
minar was first struck by lightening in AD 1368 and the fallen
top storey
was replaced by two storeys's, the fourth and the fifth in 1370
AD by
Feroz Shah Tughlaq (AD 1351-88). 

Qutab Minar with a height of 72.5m (239ft),
is the highest
stone tower in India and has a diametre of 14.32 metres at the
base and
about 2.75 metres at the top. The first three storeys are made
of red
sandstone and are heavily indented with different styles of
fluting, alternately
round and angular on the  bottom floor, round on the second and
angular
on the third. The fourth and fifth floors are made of marble and
sandstone. 



   
Related Tags: Qutab-Minar  History  Ancient  
 
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