Amazing Facts

Facts about Quanah Parker

Quanah Parker was the last Chief of the Commanches and never lost a
battle to the white man. His tribe roamed over the area where Pampa
stands. He was never captured by the Army, but decided to surrender
and lead his tribe into the white man's culture, only when he saw
that there was no alternative. His was the last tribe in the Staked
Plains to come into the reservation system.

Quanah, meaning "fragrant," was born about 1850, son of Comanche
Chief Peta Nocona and Cynthia Ann Parker, a white girl taken captive
during the 1836 raid on Parker's Fort, Texas. Cynthia Ann Parker was
recaptured, along with her daughter, during an 1860 raid on the
Pease River in northwest Texas. She had spent 24 years among the
Comanche, however, and thus never readjusted to living with the
whites again.

She died in Anderson County, Texas, in 1864 shortly after the death
of her daughter, Prairie Flower. Ironically, Cynthia Ann's son would
adjust remarkably well to living among the white men. But first he
would lead a bloody war against them.

Quanah and the Quahada Comanche, of whom his father, Peta Nocona had
been chief, refused to accept the provisions of the 1867 Treaty of
Medicine Lodge, which confined the southern Plains Indians to a
reservation, promising to clothe the Indians and turn them into
farmers in imitation of the white settlers.

Quanah Parker died on February 23, 1911, and was buried next to his
mother, whose body he had re-interred at Ft. Sill Military cemetery
on Chiefs Knoll in Oklahoma only three months earlier. For his
courage, integrity and tremendous insight, Quanah Parker’s life
tells the story of one of America's greatest leaders and a true
Texas Hero.

Related Tags: Men  Leaders  History  
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