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Amazing facts about Snake

  1. Ophidiophobia or ophiophobia refers to the fear of snake.
  2. Most snakes can climb and almost all can swim.
  3. Tongue of a snake is to smell and not to taste like mammals do.
  4. Snakes do not have ears.
  5. Kingcobra eats only snakes and rat snake is its hot favourite.
  6. Kingcobra is the only snake, who builds  nest to lay eggs.
  7. Snakes can live without eating for months.
  8. By looking at a snake, no one can distinguish between a male or female.
  9. Snakes also pick up some airborne vibrations via their lungs.
  10. Snakes do not blink their eyes.
  11. Snake venom is used for the production of life-saving medicines.
  12. Most snakes mate once a year, always with their own kind.
  13. Each species has its own mating season, depending on the region and climate.
  14. Towards southern India, more species seem to have two mating seasons.
  15. Mates are located by scent; both sexes have musk glands in the base of their tail at the anal opening, the female’s being somewhat larger.
  16. Some snakes lay eggs and others give birth to live ones.
  17. Snakes do not have their own burrows, they use rat borrows, termite mound, hollow tree trunk etc. to lay eggs.
  18. Babies come out of eggs by slitting the leathery eggs with their `egg tooth’, which later is lost.
  19. Young ones are deserted by their mother soon after birth and they stay together for a week before dispersing.
  20. Juvenile snakes are usually replicas of the parents but many may look quite different, a confusing point to someone attempting to identify snakes.
  21. New Zealand has no snakes at all!
  22. The number of deaths from snake-bites in India, estimated to be between 25,000 and 40,000 per year, is amongst the highest in the world.
  23. No snake in India can kill a healthy adult human being instantaneously. Snakebite on man is purely defensive reaction.
  24. Snakes are incapable of learning. This is because they lack the enlarged Cerebral Hemispheres found in birds and mammals, this part of the brain controls learning and thought.
  25. Snakes have no eyelids. Instead of eyelids, snakes have a transparent scale protecting their eye.
  26. Snakes are completely deaf. All snakes are deaf to air born sounds but they do pick up vibrations in their jawbones and on their scent molecules on their tongue. These molecules are connected to the Jacobson’s Organ.
  27. Snakes move by using special muscles attached to their ribs. If you put a snake on a smooth piece of glass, the snake will not be able to move because there is nothing to grab onto. The   scales on their bellies also act as anchors.
  28. Snakes can swallow big prey, three times bigger   than their own mouth. They are able to do this because they have special tendons in their mouth which can stretch very wide. On a couple of occasions, some snakes have swallowed whole Tigers. This would be equal to you swallowing a basketball!
  29. Most snakes have over 200 teeth. They   use these teeth to hold their prey in place while eating. They   cannot chew with these teeth because they are pointing backwards   but they certainly can bite!
  30. Snakes that climb trees are called? Snakes   that live or spend most of their time in trees are called Arboreal.
  31. Snakes can’t stop growing in their enclosures. Most people think that if you put a snake in a small enclosure that   it will stop growing or that it will grow so that it fits inside   of the tank. This is not true.
  32. The   scientific study of reptiles and amphibians is called Herpetology! People   that study, keep and breed reptiles and amphibians are called Herpetologists!
  33. The rattlesnake tail is made up of a series of loosely linked, interlocking chambers that when shaken, vibrate against one another to create the warning signal of a rattlesnake. Only the bottom button is firmly attached to the tip of the tail.
  34. The cloaca is a shared opening for waste and reproductive material to pass.
  35. Snakes have dry keratinous scales. The size, arrangement, and number varies by species and location on the body. Generally, scales on the head are larger on top, smaller and more numerous on the sides and around the mouth and chin. Body scales usually lie in linear rows with each having a fixed number of scales, typically an odd number ranging from 13 to 27. This number is species specific.
  36. The body of the snake contains a string of vertebrae (bones that make up the spine). Typically, there are more than 120 in the body and tail and in some species as many as 585.
  37. In vipers, the hinged fangs are located on a shortened bone (maxilla) that can rotate forward and backward. When not in use, the fangs fold backward against the roof of the mouth, where they a re in a protective sheath.
  38. In most venomous snakes, the delivery of venom is much like a hyperdermic needle. When the victim is first bitten with the fangs, muscles on the venom gland are compressed forcing the venom through the venom duct into the venom inlet on the fang, through the venom canal, and exiting the outlet channel into the wound.
  39. Pit organs, present on the sides of the face in boas, pythons, and pit vipers (which includes rattlesnakes) can sense heat radiated from an object. Basically, this detects a temperature difference in an object and its surroundings and helps for hunting warm-blooded mammals and birds at night.
  40. The largest snakes in the world are members of the family Boidae, which includes the boa and the python. Some members of this family never attain a length of more than 0.6 m (2 ft), but the largest may grow to more than 9 m (30 ft).
  41. Sea snakes have no gills and must rise to the surface for air, but they can remain underwater for several hours, obtaining dissolved oxygen from water that they swallow and eject.
  42. The skin is shed periodically and usually in one piece, the frequency of shedding varies with different species, according to the   size and age of the individual. Young, rapidly growing snakes shed their skins more frequently than the slow-growing adults. In some species the skin is shed about every 20 days; in others, only once a year.
  43. The big pythons can eat animals like deer, leopard that weigh up to about 70 kg (150 lb), but swallowing such a meal is a difficult process.
  44. The snake must bite to inject its venom; no snake has a stinger in its tail.
  45. Three species of snake can spit or eject the venom in a fine spray, which is aimed at the eyes of enemy, for distances up to 2.4 m (8 ft). If the venom gets into the eyes, it may cause blindness. The spitting is used only in defense and never to hunt/ kill prey.
  46. Vision is well developed in most snakes, but many burrowing snakes are virtually blind.
  47. Snakes have a strong sense of smell, which is relied on to a large extent in hunting food. Snakes find their prey by sight and scent, and sometimes temperature. Except for burrowing species, snakes have excellent short-range vision.
  48. Their sense of smell is extraordinary, thanks to a harmless, constantly flicking forked tongue that carries scent particles to a specialized sensory organ (‘Jacobson’s organ’) on the roof of the mouth.
  49. Snakes are deaf to airborne sounds.
  50. The Cobra does not hear, as it is believed, when people see it while raising its hood to snake-charmer’s flute. It is cobra’s basic behaviour to raise hood and follow any movement in front him.
  51. Snakes move slower than an adult human can run; the fastest recorded speed achieved by any snake is about 13 km/hr (8 mph), but few can go that fast.
  52. Depending on the species, some snakes lay eggs others give birth to live young. Snakes do not have family bonds and are on their own from the birth. Snakes do not take any responsibility for the care and protection of their young.
  53. Flying snakes do not fly like birds, can only glide short distance from one tree or bush to another at lower height. Like gliders can not gain height, flying snakes also do the same, they jump from higher place to lower.
  54. Most snakes can only strike about one third of their total body length. They do not actually leave the ground. They are capable of striking upward or outward at approximate one   half length level.
  55. Snakes have no movable eyelids or external ears.
  56. Snakes are the world’s most effective natural control on rodent population.
  57. Most snakes can swallow prey that is 3 times or more their own body diameter.
  58. You can’t tell the age of a rattlesnake by counting its rattles   because it gets a new rattle each time it sheds its skin, which   can occur 1 to 6 times per year.
  59. Common Cobra venom is not on the list of top 10 venoms yet is still 40 times more toxic than cyanide
  60. Snakes and crocodiles have such slow metabolisms, that it is not unusual or hard on them to go without food for long periods (even months). In fact, this is common in the wild where food is frequently scarce for long periods oftime.
  61. The fastest moving land snake is the Black Mamba.
  62. The largest venomous snake is the King Cobra, having reached   lengths over 18 feet.
  63. The King Cobra can administer 350-450 milligrams of venom   in a single bite, enough to kill 10-13 adult humans or a large   elephant.
  64. Gaboon Vipers have the longest fangs of any snake, sometimes   reaching nearly two inches in length.
  65. The venom of the Australian Brown Snake is so powerful only   1/14,000th of an ounce isenough to kill a human.
  66. Kingcobras actually make and protect nests   for their eggs and then “incubate” the eggs. While incubating eggs, a mother kingcobra is able to raise her body temperature   through muscle contractions/ twitching by as much as 7°F.
  67. Females are resistant to mating from the beginning and throughout the act. Male must hold female’s down with their heads and coil their tails around the female’s. The female will continuously try to slither off, dragging the male along as he attempts to line up their cloacas. When successfully aligned-an effort can take a few hours to a few days- male penetrates female with one of two penises (known as hemipenis)

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